Summer is upon us and so much fun can be had while the sun is out! It is a great time to soak up Vitamin D and get your body moving. With little kids, it can be tempting to spend all day outside. But just as important as time spent in the fresh air, it is important to keep your little ones safe. Here are some Hot Weather tips!
No additional water until 6 months +. Breastmilk and Formula provide all the water that baby needs, even on a hot day. Breast milk is tailor made for your baby, and your body will adjust to the weather. Formula guidelines are also set with this in mind, and the water baby gets from their formula feedings is enough.
Unlike young babies, it is important that toddlers get enough water when it is hot outside. Prolonged exposure to heat, and direct sunlight can put young children at risk for dehydration. Make sure they are drinking and taking breaks in the shade or inside often, during their play time.
It is recommended that, daily, children drink the number of 8 oz cups of water equal to their age. In hot weather or activity children may drink more water.
Sunscreens are not recommended for infants under 6 months. The best way to protect an infant is to dress them in protective clothing, a wide brim hat, and to keep them in the shade as much as possible. Once baby is 6 months old, sunscreen of at least 30 SPF is recommended.
Babies cannot cool themselves as well as adults, and are at higher risk of overheating. If you are planning to be outdoors for long periods of time a fan, an umbrella or popup tent can provide additional cooling and shade.
Take an infant/child CPR class
Always have your child in a coast-guard approved life vest.
Never assume someone else is watching your child. If you must leave, take your child with you or verbally confirm with a trusted adult that they need to supervise.
Never dunk a baby or toddler’s head under water. While they may hold their breath on instinct, they are just as likely to swallow water.
Never allow an infant or child to play in or near deep water unsupervised.
Remember that Age-appropriate swim lessons are great for your child, but keep in mind that lessons do not make your child “drown-proof”
Always empty all tubs, buckets, containers and kiddie pools immediately after use. Store them upside down so they don’t collect water
Bumps, Scrapes, and Bruises
Always have a first aid kit handy! Some things to include are:
-Water bottle for cleaning wounds
-Benadryl (please talk with your pediatrician about dosage and before giving your child any new medications)
– Numbing Spray
– Gauze and Bandages
– Baby Wipes
– Bug Spray
– Small scissors
– Zip top baggies
– Alcohol Wipes
Small cuts and scrapes can often be treated at home, without a visit to the doctor. You can treat a cut or scrape at home by:
Comforting your child and have them rest
Rinsing with cool water
Removing any dirt or debris from the wound. Use small tweezers if needed.
Applying direct pressure to the area if there is any bleeding
Treating with antibiotic ointment and a bandage
If injury does not stop bleeding take your child to their pediatrician or the ER
Bumps and Bruises
Bumps and bruises are common in children! They play hard and falls can be inevitable. As a parent, it can be scary when your child hits a limb or their head. Here are some things you can do.
If your child bumps their head:
-have them sit down; offer comfort and make sure they rest.
-they may experience a mild headache, tummy ache or temporary dizziness
– a bump may form on the place where they hit their head
– call their pediatrician for further advice
What to watch for:
Loss of consciousness
Child has a hard time waking up
Instead of a bump, an inward dent forms
Child has trouble walking
Injury will not stop bleeding
Child cannot move head or neck or limb(s) in the same way as before
Playing outside can be so much fun! Most injuries are preventable or can be treated from home. Being prepared for what may happen can give you confidence as a parent and can make accidents less scary.